Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - GMAC makes run at duty-free access for footwear in the US

GMAC makes run at duty-free access for footwear in the US

Shoes on display at a retail store in Phnom Penh. GMAC yesterday submitted a petition seeking duty-free access to the US market for the Kingdom’s footwear exports.
Shoes on display at a retail store in Phnom Penh. GMAC yesterday submitted a petition seeking duty-free access to the US market for the Kingdom’s footwear exports. Pha Lina

GMAC makes run at duty-free access for footwear in the US

The industry body representing Cambodia’s garment sector met the deadline to submit a petition to the United States government yesterday asking it to extend the duty-free privileges of its Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) scheme to include footwear, a move that could boost the industry’s competiveness by giving local manufacturers an advantage in the world’s biggest consumer market.

The petition from the Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia (GMAC) comes as the United States is set to discuss both the annual renewal of its GSP scheme by the end of this year and the GSP Footwear Act of 2017, which was introduced to the US House of Representatives in May.

“GMAC strongly believes that this petition would receive positive responses from the US government in consideration of our continuous improvement in working conditions, especially the improvement in wage payment leading to further upgrading of the welfare of our workers,” the announcement said.

“If [the bill] is successful, it would tremendously help the Cambodian economy in terms of export growth, new investment and employment for thousands of Cambodians.”

The GSP Footwear Act of 2017 proposes broadening the annual renewal of the GSP programme to include footwear for the first time since the trade privilege scheme was introduced in 1976. If passed, the act would allow certain footwear products from selected countries with least developed country (LDC) status to enter the United States duty-free.

However, the bill has yet to gain traction with limited congressional support. Since it was first introduced to the House of Representatives, it has only earned sponsorship from three Democrats and four Republicans in the 435-member House, with no new recorded action since June when it was passed over to the House’s Ways and Means Committee. LDCs were given until yesterday to submit petitions to sway support for the bill, which will expire at the end of the year if it is not passed.

GMAC added in its petition that it has been consulting with a Washington-based law firm to help lobby on its behalf, and has received positive feedback that the House Ways and Means Committee and the Senate Finance Committee will renew the overall GSP scheme before it expires on December 31.

However, GMAC acknowledged that the GSP Footwear Act of 2017 would be a tough sell in Washington given that footwear remains a “sensitive industry in US trade policy” and due to the fact that the bill has low priority compared to congressional action on major health care reform and tax reform bills.

Nevertheless, Kaing Monika, deputy secretary-general of GMAC, said the industry body would continue to lobby until the end of this year and throughout 2018 if need be.

“Currently, the US grants GSP to us on many products, but most of these products we are not yet producing,” he said, referring to a duty-free list that includes over 5,000 products. “We are still a weak country when it comes to industry as we mainly produce garment and footwear, and these products are excluded from US GSP scheme.”

He added that GMAC was encouraged by the bill having received support from the American Apparel and Footwear Association and Outdoor Industry Association.

There are 59 dedicated footwear manufacturers in Cambodia that produced an export value of $700 million last year. However, less than 10 percent went to US buyers while the vast majority went to European and Japanese markets.

Miguel Chanco, lead Asean analyst for the Economist Intelligence Unit, said that if the US did include footwear into its GSP scheme it would help make the economy “slightly more resilient” by reducing the Kingdom’s dependence on garment manufacturing. However, he added that Cambodia’s political deterioration would likely stop the Kingdom from being included even if the bill were to pass.

“There’s really no harm in pushing now, or next year or the year after that,” he said. “That said, given the deteriorating political situation in Cambodia, I continue to doubt that these calls will bear any fruit.

“The opposition’s lobbying presence in Washington is arguably stronger and I suspect that they will try to convince US lawmakers to hold off on any trade privileges until the government allows for a more genuine democracy,” he said.

MOST VIEWED

  • Hun Sen: Stop Russia sanctions

    Prime Minister Hun Sen said sanctions against Russia as a result of its military offensive in Ukraine should be stopped as they have produced no tangible results, and predicted that a global food crisis would ensue in 2023 as a consequence. Speaking to an audience at

  • Chinese tourists 2.0 – Coming anytime soon?

    Regional tourism is grappling with the absence of the prolific travellers and big spenders – the Chinese tourists. Cambodia, which has welcomed over two million Chinese tourists before Covid-19, is reeling from the economic loss despite being the first to fully open last November ‘To put

  • PM reflects on shoe throwing: Free speech or act of violence?

    Prime Minister Hun Sen on May 17 questioned whether a man who threw a shoe at him while he was in the US was exercising freedom of expression or if it was an act of hostility. Hun Sen was referring to an incident last week when

  • Siem Reap’s Angkor Botanical Garden opens

    The Angkor Botanical Garden was officially opened on May 19 with free entry for both local and international visitors for the first six weeks. The garden was established on a nearly 15ha plot of land in Siem Reap. “After the first six weeks, Angkor Botanical Garden

  • Pub Street on the cards for Battambang

    The Battambang Provincial Authority has announced that it is considering establishing a Pub Street in the area around the heritage buildings in Battambang town in a bid to attract more tourists. Battambang provincial governor Sok Lou told The Post that the establishment of a Pub

  • Hun Sen: Don’t react to hostility

    Prime Minister Hun Sen urged tolerance and thanked members of the Cambodian diaspora for not reacting to the hostility on display towards him by others while he was in the US to attend the May 12-13 ASEAN-US Special Summit in Washington, DC. In an audio