Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - PM to remain CPP president even after step-down

PM to remain CPP president even after step-down

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Prime Minister Hun Sen speaks at a ceremony marking the 71st anniversary of the ruling party in Phnom Penh. Hong Menea

PM to remain CPP president even after step-down

Prime Minister Hun Sen announced that he would remain the president of the ruling Cambodian People's Party (CPP) even after stepping down in future, stressing that he would maintain the right to oversee the activities of his successor and Cabinet and may even remove any minister who is not up to the job.

Hun Sen declared his intention on September 13 while meeting with people who have volunteered to dismantle their houses and structures within the Angkor Archaeological Park in Siem Reap town and relocate to the Run Ta Ek development area in Banteay Srei district’s Run Ta Ek commune.

“Although I will leave the prime ministerial post, I will still serve as the CPP president. I have the right to oversee the activities of the prime minister and ministers. If they are not up to the task, I will remove them, period,” he said.

The premier noted that elections in Cambodia select a political party, and then the winning party appoints a prime minister.

Citing Britain, he said the British election first elect members of parliament from the various political parties. Then the members of the majority party elect a leader, as was the case with newly-minted UK Prime Minister Liz Truss.

“Once elected, she [Truss] did not go to the House of Commons. She went to meet Queen Elizabeth II –just hours before her passing – who accepted her as prime minister. She did not need to ask parliament for a vote of confidence,” he said, in response to unnamed critics.

“As for us, how are we different? The party with the most seats asks the King to appoint a prime minister. Upon appointment, the prime minister organises a Cabinet and asks the National Assembly [NA] for a vote of confidence,” he added, explaining the difference between the two systems in general and Cambodia’s constitutional monarchy in particular.

“[Truss] did not ask her parliament to give her a vote of confidence, why don’t you criticise Britain? I have to ask the NA for its authority. Without its vote of confidence, the appointment of a prime minister by the King is useless, it is worthless,” he said.

Hun Sen said one of his strengths that makes his rivals unable to win is that he is unpredictable, explaining that they have wrongly judged him and that even the CPP ranks have been unable to predict his next move.

In late 2021, his oldest son Lieutenant General Hun Manet – currently Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) and Commander of the Royal Cambodian Army – was officially endorsed by the CPP to run for prime minister in the future.

The premier reaffirmed that even if he personally stepped down, there would be no party other than the CPP holding power. No matter whose son Manet was, he still supports him as the next prime ministerial candidate – for he is qualified.

“It is not a matter of supporting my own son. I would support anyone who can lead the CPP, who can lead Cambodia. So don’t say that it’s all about Hun Sen’s son. If he is able to act as a prime minister, let him do. If my son was not qualified, I would not have endorsed his candidacy,” he said.

Yang Kim Eng, president of the People’s Centre for Development and Peace, said it is plausible that the ruling party holds sway, with power to influence the prime minister and Cabinet. However, he said ministers should be removed by the prime minister who directly oversees their works and performance.

“My only concern, if any, is that it could affect the implementation of national plans and programmes, as the ministers act on the orders of the prime minister – they fulfil their tasks according to plans and priorities,” he said.

“Chances are the ruling party does not monitor ministers’ activities as closely as the prime minister who directly oversees their works. So the party and prime minister may have different opinions as to their performance,” he elaborated.

Kim Eng added that the party’s influence over the prime minister could effectively serve as a tool to encourage hard work and ensure that the prime minister does not have absolute power within both the party and the government.

Kin Phea, director of the International Relations Institute at the Royal Academy of Cambodia, agreed that Hun Sen will remain party president even after leaving the prime ministerial post. He explained that in Cambodia’s political system, the party is very powerful, as the Kingdom uses a proportional electoral system. The president of any party has the right to oversee the performance of any party member, whether they are in the executive or legislative bodies.

“If he or she does not follow the party line, the party can oust them as it was the one that was chosen [through elections] – not the individual. Therefore, the party president is still very powerful thanks to a strong [political] influence over NA members who could offer a vote of no confidence in the prime minister and Cabinet at any time, as they are all subject to the influence of the party president,” he added.

If the CPP still holds power and Hun Sen is party president, then he still has power over other institutions which are under the leadership of the CPP, he added.


  • Hong Kong firm done buying Coke Cambodia

    Swire Coca-Cola Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hong Kong-listed Swire Pacific Ltd, on November 25 announced that it had completed the acquisition of The Coca-Cola Co’s bottling business in Cambodia, as part of its ambitions to expand into the Southeast Asian market. Swire Coca-Cola affirmed

  • Cambodia's Bokator now officially in World Heritage List

    UNESCO has officially inscribed Cambodia’s “Kun Lbokator”, commonly known as Bokator, on the World Heritage List, according to Minister of Culture and Fine Arts Phoeurng Sackona in her brief report to Prime Minister Hun Sen on the night of November 29. Her report, which was

  • NagaWorld union leader arrested at airport after Australia trip

    Chhim Sithar, head of the Labour Rights Supported Union of Khmer Employees at NagaWorld integrated casino resort, was arrested on November 26 at Phnom Penh International Airport and placed in pre-trial detention after returning from a 12-day trip to Australia. Phnom Penh Municipal Court Investigating Judge

  • Sub-Decree approves $30M for mine clearance

    The Cambodian government established the ‘Mine-Free Cambodia 2025 Foundation’, and released an initial budget of $30 million. Based on the progress of the foundation in 2023, 2024 and 2025, more funds will be added from the national budget and other sources. In a sub-decree signed by Prime Minister Hun Sen

  • Two senior GDP officials defect to CPP

    Two senior officials of the Grassroots Democratic Party (GDP) have asked to join the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), after apparently failing to forge a political alliance in the run-up to the 2023 general election. Yang Saing Koma, chairman of the GDP board, and Lek Sothear,

  • Cambodia's poverty cut in half from 2009 to 2019: World Bank report

    A report published by the World Bank on November 28 states that Cambodia’s national poverty rate fell by almost half between 2009 and 2019, but the Covid-19 pandemic recently reversed some of the poverty reduction progress. Cambodia’s poverty rate dropped from 33.8 to 17.8 per cent over the 10