Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Threat of cattle disease has Agri Ministry mulling vaccine

Threat of cattle disease has Agri Ministry mulling vaccine

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
The cattle disease is caused by the LSD virus, which is part of the Capripoxvirus genus. Facebook

Threat of cattle disease has Agri Ministry mulling vaccine

The Directorate of Animal Health and Production under the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries is mulling the import of a vaccine from Thailand or Vietnam to prevent a debilitating spread of “Lumpy skin disease” (LSD) in Cambodia’s cattle industry.

Director-general Tan Phannara said the ministry is prepared to recommend a plan with the Ministry of Economy and Finance and has discussed with a few organisations to obtain the vaccine.

“If we need the vaccine, they will help us but we have not decided to acquire the vaccine from any side yet,” he said, adding that the industry breeds about three million cows and buffaloes.

First detected in 1929 in Zambia, the disease is caused by the LSD virus, which is part of the Capripoxvirus genus.

It predominantly affects cattle and to a certain extent other large animals, causing their skin to break out in small or big lumps, and effecting a fever of around 41 degrees Celcius.

The lumps can lead to scabs and ulcer, which can affect the male species’ ability to mate while pregnant females can suffer miscarriages.

The disease can spread via direct and indirect contact and other contagious agents, and has a morbidity rate of between five and 45 per cent and mortality rate of 10 per cent.

As such, the outbreak can have a serious impact to the animal husbandry sector and national economy.

Presently, Tan said a research has been conducted to assess how Cambodia fared among its neighbour that have a history of this infection.

“We also drew on other experiences from treatment methods [used by our] neighbours as the disease is curable. We are studying various vaccines that each country rolled out so that we can roll one out in Cambodia soon,” he told The Post on May 26.

An online meeting led by Tan and attended by top officers from various departments of the ministry on May 25, urged border authorities to strictly monitor the import of animals into Cambodia to prevent illegal entries.

He said scrutiny was pertinent to avoid the entry of cattle infected by LSD into Cambodia, which has not recorded a single LSD case in the past.

“If there is an accidental entry at the national border, other departments at provincial borders will have to seriously strengthen inspection to prevent the disease from moving further into Cambodia,” he added.

According to the ministry, on May 7, 2021, Thailand reported an outbreak of the disease in 17 provinces, four of which share a border with Cambodia.

In recent years, China experienced an LSD outbreak between August 2019 and June 2020 while 20 areas in north and central Vietnam suffered the same from October 5, 2020 to December 6, 2020.


  • Joy as Koh Ker Temple registered by UNESCO

    Cambodia's Koh Ker Temple archaeological site has been officially added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List, during the 45th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, on September 17. The ancient temple, also known as Lingapura or Chok Gargyar, is located in

  • Ream base allegations must end, urges official

    A senior government official urges an end to the allegations and suspicions surrounding the development of Cambodia’s Ream Naval Base, now that Prime Minister Hun Manet has addressed the issue on the floor of the 78th UN General Assembly (UNGA 78). Jean-Francois Tain, a geopolitical

  • Cambodia set to celebrate Koh Ker UNESCO listing

    To celebrate the inscription of the Koh Ker archaeological site on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, the Ministry of Cults and Religion has appealed to pagodas and places of worship to celebrate the achievement by ringing bells, shaking rattles and banging gongs on September 20. Venerable

  • CP denied registration documents by ministry

    The Ministry of Interior will not reissue registration documents to the Candlelight Party (CP). Following a September 21 meeting between ministry secretary of state Bun Honn and CP representatives, the ministry cited the fact that there is no relevant law which would authorise it to do

  • Cambodian diaspora laud Manet’s UN Assembly visit

    Members of the Cambodian diaspora are rallying in support of Prime Minister Hun Manet’s forthcoming visit to the 78th UN General Assembly (UNGA 78) in the US’ New York City this week. Their move is an apparent response to a recent call by self-exiled former

  • After three deferrals, Capital Gains Tax to take effect Jan 1, 2024

    The General Department of Taxation (GDT) will implement the Capital Gains Tax starting January 1, 2024 to after being deferred three times as industrial players warn that the implementation might have some negative impact on the property market growth, which is down due to the economic downturn.